Multiple Crises Threaten To dismantle The European Union; There is a convenient cliche in Brussels that the European Union needs to crises even progresses. But the current selection of the problems facing Europe – the refugees, and the euro, and the risk Britain out of the EU – seems likely that the European Union confuses much more than strengthen it.
For the first time in decades, some of the achievements and the basic principles of the European Union at risk. These include the single currency, open borders and freedom of movement of labor, and the idea that membership is forever.
Instead of living up to these challenges, the European Union creaking. The 28 members are arguing bitterly and it seems they are unable to formulate effective responses to common problems.
These discussions also take place on the bleak background. Large parts of the European Union remains mired in recession with semi-high unemployment rates and public financial resources are not sustainable. Middle East collapsed problems massing in Europe in the form of hundreds of thousands of refugees. Politically marginalized people go up – and the latest evidence of this is the election of the leftist radical anti-European Union to be a leader of the Labour Party in Britain.
With a sense of mounting crisis and the failure of the European Union’s ability to respond, countries increasingly tend to unilateral action, or even – in the case of Britain – to leave the Union fully.
Refugee crisis is already threatening the open borders. In the past few days, Germany re-impose controls on the border with Austria – which in turn imposed controls on its border with Hungary, which itself is working feverishly to complete the fence of barbed to protect its border with Serbia is affiliated to the European Union wires. It has been tightening controls on the French Italian border, while the refugees are camping out in miserable Calais, hoping to cross to England.
If the European Union was able somehow to control the migrant crisis, these measures may not be more than just a temporary means. But if potential refugees heading to Europe pressure remained strong, then the provisional measures can be much to become a permanent controls.
Question marks on open borders easily will highlight broader issues about access to social welfare systems and labor markets. This is because the European Union recognizes – in the border-free single market – that the change from one side to the rules of asylum by Germany has implications on the immigration policies of all member countries. Once immigrants to get citizenship in one of the EU countries, they have a right to move to any other country, to work there and claim benefits. If began questioning the freedom of movement of persons and workers, it will start in the single market as well as the main achievement of the European Union.
It overcame the refugee issue, at the moment, the euro. But the single currency problems have not gone away. On the contrary, Greece’s decision this summer submission and acceptance of other austerity package to make the eurozone looks increasingly like a trap.
Even Greece, deeply unhappy with life in the euro area, can not risk to leave for fear of provoking financial and economic crisis. Creditor countries, such as Germany and the Netherlands, are not much happier, because they are afraid to be dragged to the permanent system of financial transfers to the countries of southern Europe. At the same time, efforts to make the euro work better, through a banking union to move forward, stuck in Brussels. This does not seem like a sustainable and the risk of disintegration of the euro situation will definitely return.
Refugee crises in the euro depend on whether Britain will vote to stay in the EU, when the referendum takes place in 2016 or 2017. Until recently, the polls look promising for the group pro-EU. But the crisis of migrants poured directly into the strongest case published by those who are struggling to get out Britain – that membership of the European Union means that the United Kingdom can not control the migration. On a broader scale, the British are less likely to stay within the organization seems to fail. If voted to leave, then the sense of crisis within the European Union has intensified – raises the possibility of more defections.
Partial disintegration and marginalization of the European Union still seems more likely than a large-scale collapse. But even if an organization called the European Union continued to stay – holds the building management and payment of salaries – it risks becoming irrelevant increasingly.
The best way to avoid these unfortunate is that the destinies Union relevance and effectiveness – proved through the show to the citizens of the European Union that teamwork and cooperation are the only way to deal with issues such as migrant crisis.
The problem is that the decision-making process is complex and in the European Union make procedures to respond quickly and coherently to a crisis very difficult – as we can see from the case of immigrants.
For people of my generation, a basic political positions during the past 40 years has been steady progress for the European project. Difficult (which is alarming) to imagine that all of this back to back. But Europe’s troubled history is full of examples of empires and the families of the owner and alliances rose to be great and then collapsed. The organization that sometimes reminds me of the European Union are the League of Nations – a high body, was committed to international cooperation and the rule of law – which swept in the end due to international events that could not adapt.